Removing, replacing or fitting brand new doors is a specialist trade so we would advise that you seek professional help to hang new doors. However should you want to attempt fitting the doors yourself, then we’ve put together some step-by-step instructions for you to follow.
Removing the existing door
Unscrew your existing door. Remove the screws from the lowest hinge before the highest hinge. If hinges or screws are painted over, merely remove the paint with a flat head screwdriver.
Make sure the door is well supported once you take the last screw out.
Cutting the new door to size
Plane the door so that it fits in the doorway (use a hand or electrical plane). If you need to remove more than 6-8mm off any of the sides you should use a panel saw or rip saw.
When fitting the door, aim to have a 2mm gap around the door. In the trade we use a 2 pence piece as a rough guide test. Run a 2p coin down either side of the door and above the door. If it’s a snug fit then your door is fitted nice and neatly.
Depending on the thickness of your door, you may also need to plane a leading edge on the door so that the nearest edge of the door when closing doesn’t catch the outside of the door casing.
Hold the new door within the door frame to examine if it desires adjustment.
Allow 5-10mm at the foot of the to allow for any floor coverings such as carpet or tiles.
Fixing the hinges on the door frame
Prop the door within the frame, resting it on wedges so that there is a nice 5-10mm gap at the foot of the door and the floor covering.
Check your new hinges match against the recent ones on the frame. If they do not, rest them on the lowest of the present hinge recess on the frame and mark on the highest of the new hinge. Cut out the surplus wood with a wood chisel and mallet. Check the new hinge sits well and flush to the door frame.
Screw every hinge to the door frame with one screw and open the hinges. The hinge pivots (edges) ought to protruding out from the frame edge.
Prop the door within the door frame, resting it on wedges so that it’s in the correct finished (closed) position and mark the door casing with a pencil wherever the top and bottom of the hinges touch the casing. This is where your hinges will sit on the frame.
Fixing the hinges on the door
Lay the door hinge side up so that the door is on its side and secure using a block and wedges or push it into the corner of the room so that it stand upright on its side unaided. Lay the hinges on the edge of the door, lined up along with your pencil marks.
Use a screw or a bradawl screwdriver to form a starter hole and screw the hinges into position on the door. Once we have the hinges in position, you can use a pencil or chisel to draw or score around the edges of the hinges to mark their final position on the door.
Use a chisel and mallet to mark around the hinge marks on the door. Be sure to ensure the ‘bevel’ of the chisel is facing towards the waste wood. Make some chisel marks down the length of the waste wood area to minimise the amount of ‘spelching’ and proceed to notch out the hinges into the door taking care not to notch deeper than the thickness of the hinge.
Hanging your new door
With the door supported on wedges, fix the hinge flaps to the door frame, with just one screw in each each to make it easier to remove should you need to make any slight adjustments.
Check the door opens and closes without catching. If it does, screw up the remainder of the screws.
Painting the door
When painting, the best practice is to follow the wood grain for a neat and even applications.
First, place knotting solution on any wood knots to forestall organic compound leaking through the new paint.
Then wipe down the door to clear it of any muck and dust that could leave an uneven paint finish using a soft cloth and dust brush.
Wedge the door open and apply a primer and undercoat.
Once dry, paint the door following the paint manufacturer’s directions.
Fitting the door handle
1. Drilling a hole for the latch
The latch is sometimes set into the centre of the facet of the door regarding 1m from the bottom of the door to the bottom of the latch plate. Mark this on the edge of the door.
Hold the latch in situ within the centre of the edge of the door.
Choose a flat wood cutting drilling bit that is slightly larger than your latch so that there is enough space to fit the latch within the hole.
Wedge the door open and drill the outlet into the facet of the door to the current depth. Use a chisel to scrape out any excess waste wood.
2. Fixing the latch
Insert the latch. make sure it’s level and mark around its position.
With a pencil, mark a series of lines on the edges of the latch. Then chisel out the remainder of the recess.
Check to see if the latch plate lies flush with the door.
3. Making a hole for the spindle
Hold the latch in position but on the skin of the door, not inside the drilled hole. Place your pencil through the outlet within the latch and make a pencil mark. This is where the bar between the handles will go through the door. Mark this on either side of the door.
Choose a drilling bit 2mm wider than the spindle and begin drilling. once the drilling bit begins to emerge through the opposite side of the door, stop drilling from that side and start drilling from the other side to ensure the face of the door isn’t damaged by spelching of the wood.
When you’re got finished drilling, remove any waste from the outlet.
Slide the latch into the door. Place the spindle into its hole and screw the latch into place.
4. Attaching the door handle
Place a handle onto the spindle. Use one hand to carry the handle in situ. With the opposite, drill the screws for the rear plate.
Give the handle a quick check. Repeat the method on the opposite side of the door for the other handle.
5. Fixing the latch plate on the door frame
The latch plate is the piece of metal that slots into the door frame.
Close the door that the latch touches the frame. Mark its position on the door frame. this shows you where the peak of the latch plate will land on the frame.
To find the horizontal position of the latch plate, measure the space between the edge of the latch and the edge of the door. Transfer these measurements to the door frame and mark with a pencil. Place the latch plate in place and draw around it.
Following your marks, chisel out the recess for the latch plate so that it fits flush with the door frame. Screw the latch plate onto the frame.
Close the door to test that there is no rattling and that the door fits snuggly without catching anywhere.
So there you have it, a quick step-by-step guide to hanging internal doors. Please follow these steps and let us know how you get on. Remember that attempting these doors is at your own risk and that we recommend that you seek advise or help from a specialist. Or, if you don’t know of any specialists that can help you out, we’re always here to take care of the job for you.
Have fun planing and adjusting.